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proscribed. According to Guisse, if an accident occurs from pesticide exposure, no collective management physique is remitted to intervene. In truth, farmers are alone on the earth and are victims (M. Guisse, 2005, in-depth interview) unless they manage with others. The GIE Provania has tried to deal with these energy points. The secretary, for example, has a diploma in horticulture and is a municipal politician. Because he’s the group’s driving force in regard to partnership and project development, he wields essentially the most political affect. However, as a result of he is the quickest to reply to questions about process, content and what motion to select to deal with problems, others of the group don’t always have the time to offer their enter. All farmers surveyed used pesticides categorised by WHO as Class I, II and III . The high five pesticides used have been dimethoate, dicofol, lanate , maneb and metaphos . These were utilized liberally and regularly during the rising season, on varied vegetables, with little regard to the course of the wind. Farmers were observed to put on little or no protecting clothing and tools, exposing arms, arms, legs, ft, face and head to pesticides on a continual foundation. Also, they typically remained in fields after a therapy despite the presence of strong chemical smells, and were noticed smoking, drinking and eating during and after purposes. They were also seen weeding and planting after therapies, growing the potential for exposure to pesticides through contact with air, soil and crops. The half-life of some of these pesticides has been documented at 60–120 days, suggesting the continuous presence of those chemical compounds within the environment . Farmers reported malaria, parasitic an infection, dermatitis and fatigue as the highest 4 sicknesses they had had in the past yr. In comparability, well being district statistics in Pikine cited malaria, dermatitis, parasitic infections, arterial hypertension, diarrhoea and anaemia among the many top six ailments for all ages within the district . Interestingly, diarrhoea was not cited among the many farmers as a well being drawback, perhaps because of its greater severity and incidence amongst youngsters. Under-reporting of diarrhoeal episodes can also occur because of the cultural taboos associated to discussing issues related to bathroom habits in Senegal.