There are about 18 different species of penguins in the world. However, of which 13 species have experienced a decline in population due to climate, habitat and lack of responsibility in human conservation of animals. More alarmingly, there are five species listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature statistics, including White-flippered, Erect-crested, Galapagos, Humboldt and Yellow eyed.
As the name suggests, “tiny penguins” have the smallest size of 17 species of penguins with a height of 33 cm. They are also known as blue penguins due to their iridescent indigo feathers. This bird is currently threatened by predators such as foxes and wolves in Australia and New Zealand.