Lions tend to dominate cheetahs and leopards, steal their kills and kill their cubs and even adults when given the chance. Cheetahs in particular often lose their kills to lions or other predators.A study in the Serengeti ecosystem revealed that lions killed at least 17 of 125 cheetah cubs born between 1987 and 1990. Cheetahs avoid their competitors by using different temporal and habitat niches.Leopards are able to take refuge in trees; lionesses, however, occasionally attempt to retrieve leopard kills from trees.Lions similarly dominate African wild dogs, taking their kills and preying on young and rarely adult dogs.
Population densities of wild dogs are low in areas where lions are more abundant. However, there are a few reported cases of old and wounded lions falling prey to wild dogs.Lions also charge at Nile crocodiles; depending on the size of the crocodile and the lion, either animal can lose their kills to the other. Lions have been observed killing crocodiles that ventured onto land.Crocodiles may also kill and eat lions, evidenced by the occasional lion claw found in crocodile stomachs.