For a race horse, it must be a male horse, strong, fast running, tall, with large tendons, firm flesh, straight and slender legs, clawed hooves, enlarged chest, muscular neck, not too high build, teeth is uniform white, has a thick mane, has uniform hair and is not colorful, smooth to the touch as silk. The rest of the horses, especially lazy or crossbred horses, are only used for transport, communication, farming and other jobs, race horses should not be chosen as fat face, bright eyes but eyelids. eyes are too thick, mane is thick, the foundation slope is low.
The breeds of war horses favored by the ancient marshals were often the ones called Thiên-Lý-Mã (Horses running a thousand miles), like the Akhal-Téké “Blood Hedgehog”, or “Thien Horses “like Persian Jaf horses and purebred Arabian horses, imported from the Middle East countries (Ferghana, Turkménistan, Kurdistan, Persia, Afghanistan) along the silk trade. The purebred treasure of the Middle East that the Far East called Thien Ma was chosen according to the following 12 virtues: Three Long Things, Three Short Things, Three Great Things and Three Qing Things.
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